alexa Genetic variants in genes involved in mechanisms of chemoresistance to anticancer drugs.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Marin JJ, Briz O, Monte MJ, Blazquez AG, Macias RI

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Refractoriness to the pharmacological treatment of cancer is dependent on the expression levels of genes involved in mechanisms of chemoresistance and on the existence of genetic variants that may affect their function. Thus, changes in genes encoding solute carriers may account for considerable inter-individual variability in drug uptake and the lack of sensitivity to the substrates of these transporters. Moreover, changes in proteins involved in drug export can affect their subcellular localization and transport ability and hence may also modify the bioavailability of antitumor agents. Regarding pro-drug activation or drug inactivation, genetic variants are responsible for changes in the activity of drug-metabolizing enzymes, which affect drug clearance and may determine the lack of response to anticancer chemotherapy. The presence of genetic variants may also decrease the sensitivity to pharmacological agents acting through molecular targets or signaling pathways. Recent investigations suggest that changes in genes involved in DNA repair may affect the response to platinum-based drugs. Since most anticancer agents activate cell death pathways, the evasion of apoptosis plays an important role in chemoresistance. Several genetic variants affecting death-receptor pathways, the mitochondrial pathway, downstream caspases and their natural modulators, and the p53 pathway, whose elements are mutated in more than half of tumors, and survival pathways, have been reported. The present review summarizes the available data regarding the role of genetic variants in the different mechanisms of chemoresistance and discusses their potential impact in clinical practice and in the development of tools to predict and overcome chemoresistance.
This article was published in Curr Cancer Drug Targets and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords