alexa Genetics factors contributing to type 2 diabetes across ethnicities.


Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Author(s): Elbein SC, Elbein SC

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is among the many common diseases with a strong genetic component, but until recently, the variants causing this disease remained largely undiscovered. With the ability to interrogate most of the variation in the genome, the number of genetic variants has grown from 2 to 19 genes, many with multiple variants. An additional three genes are associated primarily with fasting glucose rather than T2DM. Despite the plethora of new markers, the individual effect is uniformly small, and the cumulative effect explains little of the genetic risk for T2DM. Furthermore, the success is largely restricted to European populations. Despite success in mapping genes in Asian populations, success in United States minorities, particularly African Americans, has been limited. The genetic findings highlight the role of the beta cell in diabetes pathogenesis, but much remains to be discovered before genetic prediction and individualized medicine can become a reality for this disease. Copyright 2009 Diabetes Technology Society.
This article was published in J Diabetes Sci Technol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version