alexa Genome editing-based HIV therapies.
Immunology

Immunology

HIV: Current Research

Author(s): Gu WG

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Abstract Genome editing (GE)-based HIV therapy is achieved by modification of infection-related genes to produce HIV-resistant cells followed by reinfusion of the modified cells into patients. The ultimate goal is to achieve a functional or actual cure for HIV infection. Despite multiple potential targets for GE-based HIV therapies, CCR5 is the most feasible owing to the naturally existing CCR5 δ32 genotype which confers resistance to HIV. A recent clinical trial of infusion of modified autologous CD4(+) T cells proved safety and efficacy within the limits of the studies. However, long-term evaluation of the safety and efficacy is required before GE-based HIV therapy is ready for clinical implementation. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Trends Biotechnol and referenced in HIV: Current Research

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