Author(s): Kekre A, Bhushan A, Kumar P, Kalia VC
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Abstract Microbial classification is based largely on the 16S rRNA (rrs) gene sequence, which is conserved throughout the prokaryotic domain. The Ribosomal Database Project (RDP) has become a reference point for almost all practical purposes. The use of this gene is limited by the fact that it can be used to identify only to the extent to what has been known and is available in the RDP. In order to identify an organism whose rrs is not present in the RDP database, we need to generate novel markers to place the unknown on the evolutionary map. Here, sequenced genomes of 27 Clostridium strains belonging to 9 species have been used to identify two sets of genes: (1) common to most of the species, and (2) unique to a species. Combinations of genes (recN, dnaJ, secA, mutS, and/or grpE) and their unique restriction endonuclease digestion (AluI, BfaI and/or Tru9I) patterns have been established to rapidly identify Clostridium species. This strategy for identifying novel markers can be extended to all other organisms and diagnostic applications.
This article was published in Indian J Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine