Author(s): Giri S, Prasad SB, Giri A, Sharma GD
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Abstract The genotoxic effects of malathion was evaluated using chromosome aberration, sister chromatid exchange (SCE) and sperm abnormality assays in mice. All the three acute doses (2.5, 5 and 10mg/kg) of malathion tested in the present study, induced significant dose-dependent increase in the frequency of chromosome aberrations and sperm abnormalities, but did not affect the total sperm count. The highest acute dose induced a >12-fold increase in the frequency of chromosome aberrations, two-fold increase in the frequency of SCEs and four-fold increase in the frequency of sperms with abnormal head morphology following intraperitoneal (i.p.) exposure. Further, a significant increase in the frequency of SCEs was observed, but the increase was not dose-dependent. At higher doses, malathion induced a moderate delay in cell cycle as evident from the increase in average generation time (AGT). The present findings suggest that technical grade malathion is a potent genotoxic agent and may be regarded as a potential germ cell mutagen also.
This article was published in Mutat Res
and referenced in Journal of Pollution Effects & Control