alexa Genotypic succession of mutations of the hepatitis B virus polymerase associated with lamivudine resistance.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Gutfreund KS, Williams M, George R, Bain VG, Ma MM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis B mutant strains of virus emerging during treatment with the nucleoside analog lamivudine are being increasingly recognized. In the majority of lamivudine-resistant isolates the mutations have been reported to occur within the YMDD motif of the viral polymerase, either as a single mutation M552I or as M552V concomitant with L528M. We analyzed the time course and genetic succession pattern during the emergence of lamivudine resistance. METHODS: Seven patients with breakthrough viremia in the setting of chronic hepatitis (n=5) or recurrent HBV after liver transplantation (n=2) were investigated. Pre- and post-breakthrough serum samples were evaluated by single- or second-round PCR amplification and sequencing analysis. RESULTS: Genotypic succession of the virus populations was observed to occur from M552I to M552I/L528M (n=2) and from L528M to M552V/L528M (n=1). The double mutations M552I/L528M (n=4) or M552V/L528M (n=2) were found in six out of seven patients, and represented the stable virus populations throughout the follow-up period. Breakthrough viremia was not associated with the single L528M mutation. The mean duration of uninterrupted treatment with lamivudine until breakthrough was 422 days (range 182-642) and was longer in the setting of chronic hepatitis B than in recurrent hepatitis B after liver transplantation. HBV DNA levels after breakthrough were lower than pretreatment levels in the majority of patients with chronic hepatitis but higher after liver transplantation. CONCLUSION: Our observations show that the virus populations conferring resistance to lamivudine can evolve from single to double mutations at amino acid 552 and 528 of the HBV polymerase, and that M552I/ L528M or M552V/L528M seem to be the predominant mutations arising during long-term antiviral therapy with lamivudine.
This article was published in J Hepatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords