Author(s): Beisel C, Heuer M, Otto B, Jochum J, Schmiedel S, , Beisel C, Heuer M, Otto B, Jochum J, Schmiedel S,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Current German and European HIV guidelines recommend early evaluation of HCV treatment in all HIV/HCV co-infected patients. However, there are still considerable barriers to initiate HCV therapy in everyday clinical practice. This study evaluates baseline characteristics, "intention-to-treat" pattern and outcome of therapy of HCV/HIV co-infected patients in direct comparison to HCV mono-infected patients in a "real-life" setting. METHODS: A large, single-center cohort of 172 unselected HCV patients seen at the Infectious Diseases Unit at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf from 2000-2011, 88 of whom HCV/HIV co-infected, was retrospectively analyzed by chart review with special focus on demographic, clinical and virologic aspects as well as treatment outcome. RESULTS: Antiviral HCV combination therapy with PEG-interferon plus weight-adapted ribavirin was initiated in 88/172 (52\%) patients of the entire cohort and in n = 36 (40\%) of all HCV/HIV co-infected patients (group A) compared to n = 52 (61\%) of the HCV mono-infected group (group B) (p = 0.006). There were no significant differences of the demographics or severity of the liver disease between the two groups with the exception of slightly higher baseline viral loads in group A. A sustained virologic response (SVR) was observed in 50\% (n = 18) of all treated HIV/HCV co-infected patients versus 52\% (n = 27) of all treated HCV mono-infected patients (p = 0.859). Genotype 1 was the most frequent genotype in both groups (group A: n = 37, group B: n = 49) and the SVR rates for these patients were only slightly lower in the group of co-infected patients (group A: n = 33\%, group B: 40\% p = 0.626). During the course of treatment HCV/HIV co-infected patients received less ribavirin than mono-infected patients. CONCLUSION: Overall, treatment was only initiated in half of the patients of the entire cohort and in an even smaller proportion of HCV/HIV co-infected patients despite comparable outcome (SVR) and similar baseline characteristics. In the light of newer treatment options, greater efforts to remove the barriers to treatment that still exist for a great proportion of patients especially with HIV/HCV co-infection have to be undertaken.
This article was published in AIDS Res Ther
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research