alexa Gestational trophoblastic diseases: 1. Pathophysiology of hyperglycosylated hCG.


Journal of Glycobiology

Author(s): Cole LA, Dai D, Butler SA, Leslie KK, Kohorn EI

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Hyperglycosylated hCG (hCG-H) is a glycosylation variant of hCG produced by cytotrophoblast cells at implantation of pregnancy and in choriocarcinoma. We investigated the biological function of hCG-H in invasion in vitro and in vivo and the use of hCG-H antibodies in blocking tumorigenesis and cancer growth in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: hCG-H accounts for 43\% to 100\% of total hCG immunoreactivity in the culture fluid of choriocarcinoma cell lines and 100\% in primary cultures of pregnancy cytotrophoblast cells. We investigated the action of hCG and hCG-H on isolated cytotrophoblast cell primary cultures and on 3 different lines of choriocarcinoma cells cultured on Matrigel basement membrane inserts (culture models for assessing tumor invasion). The addition of hCG-H to medium significantly promoted invasion of membranes with both pregnancy and cancer cell line sources, while regular hCG had no significant effect. JEG-3 human choriocarcinoma cells were transplanted subcutaneously into athymic nude mice. Tumors rapidly formed. B152, mouse monoclonal antibody against hCG-H, and non-specific mouse IgG (control) were administered twice weekly once tumors were clearly visible. While a correlation between time and growth was observed with the control group (r(2)=0.97), no correlation was observed with the B152-treated mice (r(2)=0.15). B152 blocked tumor growth (t test, IgG vs. B152, P=0.003). In a second experiment, antibody B152 or IgG was administered to mice at the time of choriocarcinoma transplantation. B152 significantly inhibited tumorigenesis (t test P=0.0071). CONCLUSIONS: hCG-H is a critical promoter in human cytotrophoblast and human choriocarcinoma cell invasion in vivo and in vitro, promoting tumor growth and invasion through an autocrine mechanism. hCG-H is a signal for choriocarcinoma cell invasion, making it a biological tumor marker. Antibodies against hCG-H block tumor formation and growth. Human or humanized antibodies against hCG-H may be useful in treating and managing choriocarcinoma and other gestational trophoblastic malignancies. This article was published in Gynecol Oncol and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    Sep 21-22, 2017 Macau, Hong Kong
  • International Conference on Glycobiology
    Oct 02-04, 2017 Atlanta, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version