Author(s): Fortuna RJ, Idris A, Winters P, Humiston SG, Scofield S,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Rates of breast cancer (BC) and colorectal cancer (CRC) screening are particularly low among poor and minority patients. Multifaceted interventions have been shown to improve cancer-screening rates, yet the relative impact of the specific components of these interventions has not been assessed. Identifying the specific components necessary to improve cancer-screening rates is critical to tailor interventions in resource limited environments. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative impact of various components of the reminder, recall, and outreach (RRO) model on BC and CRC screening rates within a safety net practice. DESIGN: Pragmatic randomized trial. PARTICIPANTS: Men and women aged 50-74 years past due for CRC screen and women aged 40-74 years past due for BC screening. INTERVENTIONS: We randomized 1,008 patients to one of four groups: (1) reminder letter; (2) letter and automated telephone message (Letter + Autodial); (3) letter, automated telephone message, and point of service prompt (Letter + Autodial + Prompt); or (4) letter and personal telephone call (Letter + Personal Call). MAIN MEASURES: Documentation of mammography or colorectal cancer screening at 52 weeks following randomization. KEY RESULTS: Compared to a reminder letter alone, Letter + Personal Call was more effective at improving screening rates for BC (17.8 \% vs. 27.5 \%; AOR 2.2, 95 \% CI 1.2-4.0) and CRC screening (12.2 \% vs. 21.5 \%; AOR 2.0, 95 \% CI 1.1-3.9). Compared to letter alone, a Letter + Autodial + Prompt was also more effective at improving rates of BC screening (17.8 \% vs. 28.2 \%; AOR 2.1, 95 \% CI 1.1-3.7) and CRC screening (12.2 \% vs. 19.6 \%; AOR 1.9, 95 \% CI 1.0-3.7). Letter + Autodial was not more effective than a letter alone at improving screening rates. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of a personal telephone call or a patient-specific provider prompt were both more effective at improving mammogram and CRC screening rates compared to a reminder letter alone. The use of automated telephone calls, however, did not provide any incremental benefit to a reminder letter alone.
This article was published in J Gen Intern Med
and referenced in Advanced Practices in Nursing