alexa Giant cell myocarditis: most fatal of autoimmune diseases.
Immunology

Immunology

Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Rosenstein ED, Zucker MJ, Kramer N

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness of giant cell myocarditis (GCM), its pathogenesis, and treatment. METHODS: Review of relevant publications from the English-language literature. RESULTS: GCM is a rare, frequently fatal inflammatory disorder of cardiac muscle of unknown origin, characterized by widespread degeneration and necrosis of myocardial fibers.Congestive heart failure and ventricular tachycardia are common clinical manifestations. GCM occurs primarily in previously healthy adults, although it is frequently associated with various systemic diseases, primarily of autoimmune causes. The inflammatory infiltrate is characterized by the presence of multinucleated giant cells and is distinct from cardiac sarcoidosis. Animal models of GCM are similar to models of other autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. The prognosis, which is poor despite partial responsiveness to immunosuppressive medications, is improved with cardiac transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical and immunopathogenetic similarities with classical rheumatologic diseases, the differential diagnosis with sarcoidosis and other inflammatory conditions, and the use of standard immunosuppressive medications make GCM a disease process that should be added to the rheumatologist's expertise. This article was published in Semin Arthritis Rheum and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ildiko Molnar
    The role of tissue-specific type 2 5’-deiodinase enzyme activities in Graves’ orbitopathy and systemic sclerosis: a new candidate in thyroid autoimmunity
    PDF Version
  • Sergey Suchkov
    Translational tools as applicable to autoimmune disorders: antibody-proteases as a generation of highly informative and unique biomarkers to monitor subclinical and clinical stages of demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS)
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Miriam Furst-Yust
    Miriam-Furst-Tel-Aviv-University-Israel-The-correlation-between-binaural-perception-and-brain-stem-lesions
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed G Hegazi
    Cytokines pattern of multiple sclerosis patients treated with Apitherapy
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords