alexa Giant clear cell hidradenoma of the knee.


Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Yu G, Goodloe S Jr, DAngelis CA, McGrath BE, Chen F

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Abstract Hidradenomas, also referred to as nodular hidradenomas or clear cell hidradenomas (CCH), are benign cutaneous eccrine tumors usually 2-3 cm in dimension. Hidradenomas are relatively common; however, giant forms are rare. We report a case of an 8.0 x 6.0 x 3.0 cm clear cell hidradenoma of the left knee in a 43-year-old man. The tumor was mobile, located above the patellar tendon and was without bony involvement on imaging studies. Grossly, the resected tumor was unencapsulated and tan, with a solid and cystic cut surface showing papillary excrescences on the cyst wall. Microscopically, the tumor cells showed an infiltrative growth pattern at the periphery, however, the tumor cytology was bland and no necrosis or mitoses were identified. The overlying dermis contained hemosiderin pigment deposition and infiltration with eosinophils. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin, CAM5.2, p53, carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA) and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and negative for CD10 and Ki-67. The cytological features of hidradenomas can present diagnostic challenges, as other 'clear cell' tumors such as metastatic renal cell carcinoma should be considered. Immunohistochemical studies and differential diagnoses are discussed. This article was published in J Cutan Pathol and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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