Author(s): Zhang D, Yasuda T, Yu Y, Zheng P, Kawabata T,
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Abstract This study was conducted to investigate whether or not the antioxidation effect of ginseng extract directly inhibits decomposition of unsaturated fatty acid caused by iron and hydrogen peroxide-induced lipid peroxidation, and whether this effect involves a hydroxyl radical-scavenging mechanism. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), gas chromatography, and electron spin resonance (ESR) spectrometer were used to measure lipid peroxidation, unsaturated fatty acid, and hydroxyl radical. The results showed TBARS formed and the loss of arachidonic acid during lipid peroxidation, and that hydroxyl radical formed by the Fenton reaction were completely inhibited by ginseng extract. This antioxidant effect of ginseng may be responsible for its wide pharmacological actions in clinical practice by a free radical reaction-inhibition mechanism.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacological Reports