Author(s): Maruyama J, Miller JM, Ulfendahl M
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Abstract Cochlear implant surgery is currently the therapy of choice for profoundly deaf patients. However, the functionality of cochlear implants depends on the integrity of the auditory spiral ganglion neurons. This study assesses the combined efficacy of two classes of agents found effective in preventing degeneration of the auditory nerve following deafness, neurotrophic factors, and antioxidants. Guinea pigs were deafened and treated for 4 weeks with either local administration of GDNF or a combination of GDNF and systemic injections of the antioxidants ascorbic acid and Trolox. The density of surviving spiral ganglion cells was significantly enhanced and the thresholds for eliciting an electrically evoked brain stem response were significantly reduced in GDNF treated animals compared to deafened-untreated. The addition of antioxidants significantly enhanced the evoked responsiveness over that observed with GDNF alone. The results suggest multiple sites of intervention in the rescue of these cells from deafferentation-induced cell death.
This article was published in Neurobiol Dis
and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access