alexa Glitazones differentially regulate primary astrocyte and glioma cell survival. Involvement of reactive oxygen species and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): PrezOrtiz JM, Tranque P, Vaquero CF, Domingo B, Molina F,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The glitazones or thiazolidinediones are ligands of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). The glitazones are used in the treatment of diabetes, regulate adipogenesis, inflammation, cell proliferation, and induce apoptosis in several cancer cell types. High grade astrocytomas are rapidly growing tumors derived from astrocytes, for which new treatments are needed. We determined the effects of two glitazones, ciglitazone and the therapeutic rosiglitazone, on the survival of serum-deprived primary rat astrocytes and glioma cell lines C6 and U251, which were assessed by the methylthiazolyl tetrazolium assay and lactate dehydrogenase release. Rosiglitazone (5-20 microM) decreased survival of glioma cells without affecting primary astrocytes, whereas ciglitazone at 20 microM was toxic for both cell types. Ciglitazone at 10 microM was cytoprotective for primary astrocytes but toxic to glioma cells. Cell death induced by ciglitazone, but not rosiglitazone, presented apoptotic features (Hoechst staining and externalization of phosphatidylserine). Two mechanisms to explain cytotoxicity were investigated: activation of PPARgamma and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). PPARgamma does not seem to be the main mechanism involved, because the order of efficacy for cytotoxicity, ciglitazone > rosiglitazone, was inverse of their reported affinities for activating PPARgamma. In addition, GW9662, an inhibitor of PPARgamma, only slightly attenuated cytotoxicity. However, the rapid increase in ROS production and the marked reduction of cell death with the antioxidants ebselen and N-acetylcysteine, indicate that ROS have a key role in glitazone cytotoxicity. Ciglitazone caused a dose-dependent and rapid loss (in minutes) of mitochondrial membrane potential in glioma cells. Therefore, mitochondria are a likely source of ROS and early targets of glitazone cytotoxicity. Our results highlight the potential of rosiglitazone and related compounds for the treatment of astrogliomas. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords