alexa Global end-diastolic volume as an indicator of cardiac preload in patients with septic shock.
Medicine

Medicine

Emergency Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Michard F, Alaya S, Zarka V, Bahloul M, Richard C,

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Abstract STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of the global end-diastolic volume (GEDV) evaluated by transpulmonary thermodilution as an indicator of cardiac preload. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Medical ICU of a university hospital (20 beds). PATIENTS: Thirty-six patients with septic shock. INTERVENTIONS: Volume loading and dobutamine infusion. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Hemodynamic parameters were evaluated in triplicate by the transpulmonary thermodilution technique: (1) before and after 66 fluid challenges in 27 patients, and (2) before and after 28 increases in dobutamine infusion rate in 9 patients. Volume loading induced a significant (p < 0.001) increase in central venous pressure (CVP) from 10 +/- 4 to 13 +/- 4 mm Hg, in GEDV index from 711 +/- 164 to 769 +/- 144 mL/m(2), in stroke volume index (SVI) from 36 +/- 12 to 42 +/- 12 mL/m(2), and in cardiac index (CI) from 3.4 +/- 1.1 to 3.9 +/- 1.2 L/min/m(2) (mean +/- SD). Changes in GEDV index were correlated (r = 0.72, p < 0.001) with changes in SVI, while changes in CVP were not. The increase in SVI was > 15\% in 32 of 66 instances (positive response). The preinfusion GEDV index was lower (637 +/- 134 mL/m(2) vs 781 +/- 161 mL/m(2), p < 0.001) in the cases of positive response, and was negatively correlated with the percentage increase in GEDV index (r = - 0.65, p < 0.001) and in SVI (r = - 0.5, p < 0.001). Dobutamine infusion induced an increase in SVI (32 +/- 11 mL/m(2) vs 35 +/- 12 mL/m(2), p < 0.05) and in CI (2.8 +/- 0.6 L/min/m(2) vs 3.2 +/- 0.6 L/min/m(2), p < 0.001) but no significant change in CVP (13 +/- 3 mm Hg vs 13 +/- 3 mm Hg) and in GEDV index (823 +/- 221 mL/m(2) vs 817 +/- 202 mL/m(2)). CONCLUSION: In patients with septic shock, our findings demonstrate that, in contrast to CVP, the transpulmonary thermodilution GEDV index behaves as an indicator of cardiac preload.
This article was published in Chest and referenced in Emergency Medicine: Open Access

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