alexa Global natural regulatory T cell depletion in active systemic lupus erythematosus.
Immunology

Immunology

Rheumatology: Current Research

Author(s): Miyara M, Amoura Z, Parizot C, Badoual C, Dorgham K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The immune defect that could account for the multisystemic involvement that characterizes systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) remains unknown. We hypothesized that iterative disease flares correspond to a recurrent defect in the peripheral immune suppression exerted by naturally occurring T regulatory cells (Tregs). Surprisingly, Tregs isolated from lupus patients show the same phenotypic and functional characteristics as corresponding cells found in healthy controls. A decrease in the proportion of circulating Tregs among other CD4+ T cells is nevertheless evidenced in active patients when this group is compared with healthy controls (0.57 +/- 0.24\%, n = 45 vs 1.29 +/- 0.38\%, n = 82, p < 0.0001) or with inactive patients (1.22 +/- 0.67\%, n = 62, p < 0.0001). In contrast, the proportion of Tregs in other systemic autoimmune diseases such as primary Sjögren syndrome and inflammatory myopathy does not significantly differ from controls' values (1.15 +/- 0.46\%, n = 21, p = 0.09 and 1.16 +/- 0.44\%, n = 16, p = 0.43, respectively). Lupus Tregs do not accumulate in either the lymph nodes or the diseased kidneys and are not killed by a circulating soluble factor, but demonstrate in vitro a heightened sensitivity to Fas-induced apoptosis. Finally, we show that the extent of Treg depletion correlates with the clinical severity of the flare. SLE flares are therefore associated with a global Treg depletion and not with a phenomenon of tissue redistribution. In summary, we suggest that the physiopathology of SLE could be tied to a defect in the homeostatic control of the Treg subpopulation.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Rheumatology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords