alexa Global Vision Impairment Due to Uncorrected Presbyopia
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Holden BA, Fricke TR, Ho SM, Wong R, Schlenther G

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Objectives To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia. Methods We used multiple population-based surveys to estimate the global presbyopia prevalence, the spectacle coverage rate for presbyopia, and the community perception of vision impairment caused by uncorrected presbyopia. For planning purposes, the data were extrapolated for the future using population projections extracted from the International Data Base of the US Census Bureau. Results It is estimated that there were 1.04 billion people globally with presbyopia in 2005, 517 million of whom had no spectacles or inadequate spectacles. Of these, 410 million were prevented from performing near tasks in the way they required. Vision impairment from uncorrected presbyopia predominantly exists (94%) in the developing world. Conclusions Uncorrected presbyopia causes widespread, avoidable vision impairment throughout the world. Alleviation of this problem requires a substantial increase in the number of personnel trained to deliver appropriate eye care together with the establishment of sustainable, affordable spectacle delivery systems in developing countries. In addition, given that people with presbyopia are at higher risk for permanently sight-threatening conditions such as glaucoma and diabetic eye disease, primary eye care should include refraction services as well as detection and appropriate referral for these and other such conditions.

This article was published in Archives of ophthalmology and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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