Author(s): DeGrandis S, Law H, Brunton J, Gyles C, Lingwood CA
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Abstract The pig edema disease toxin has been shown by a tlc glycolipid binding assay to bind specifically to globotetraosylceramide (Gb4, GalNAc beta 1-3Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcCer.). Binding was reduced for globotriosylceramide (Gb3, Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcCer) and more markedly for the Forssman antigen (GalNAc alpha 1-3GalNAc beta 1-3Gal alpha 1-4Gal beta 1-4GlcCer). Paragloboside, blood group A glycolipids, glycolipids terminating in Gal NAc beta 1-4Gal-, and glycolipids in which globoside was present as an internal sequence did not bind the toxin. Isogloboside (GalNAc beta 1-3Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta 1-4GlcCer) was efficiently recognized. This toxin is genetically related to the verotoxin (or Shiga-like) family of toxins for which Gb3 has been shown to be the receptor. The difference in susceptibility of cell lines to the cytotoxicity of the pig edema disease toxin and the Shiga and Shiga-like toxins is consistent with the difference in receptor glycolipid binding.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System