alexa Glomerular filtration is reduced by high tidal volume ventilation in an in vivo healthy rat model.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Luque A, Shimizu MH, Andrade L, Sanches TR, Seguro AC

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Abstract Mechanical ventilation has been associated with organ failure in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The present study examines the effects of tidal volume (V(T)) on renal function using two V T values (8 and 27 mL/kg) in anesthetized, paralyzed and mechanically ventilated male Wistar rats. Animals were randomized into two groups of 6 rats each: V (T)8 (V(T), 8 mL/kg; 61.50 +/- 0.92 breaths/min; positive end-expiratory pressure, 3.0 cmH(2)O; peak airway pressure (PAW), 11.8 +/- 2.0 cmH(2)O), and V T27 (V(T), 27 mL/kg; 33.60 +/- 1.56 breaths/min; positive end-expiratory pressure, none, and PAW, 22.7 +/- 4.0 cmH(2)O). Throughout the experiment, mean PAW remained comparable between the two groups (6.33 +/- 0.21 vs 6.50 +/- 0.22 cmH(2)O). For rats in the V(T)27 group, inulin clearance (mL.min(-1).body weight(-1)) decreased acutely after 60 min of mechanical ventilation and even more significantly after 90 min, compared with baseline values (0.60 +/- 0.05 and 0.45 +/- 0.05 vs 0.95 +/- 0.07; P < 0.001), although there were no differences between groups in mean arterial pressure or gasometric variables. In the V(T)8 group, inulin clearance at 120 min of mechanical ventilation remained unchanged in relation to baseline values (0.72 +/- 0.03 vs 0.80 +/- 0.05). The V(T)8 and V(T)27 groups did not differ in terms of serum thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (3.97 +/- 0.27 vs 4.02 +/- 0.45 nmol/mL) or endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression (94.25 +/- 2.75 vs 96.25 +/- 2.39\%). Our results show that glomerular filtration is acutely affected by high tidal volume ventilation but do not provide information about the mechanism. This article was published in Braz J Med Biol Res and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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