alexa Glomerulopathy in spontaneously obese rhesus monkeys with type 2 diabetes: a stereological study.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Behzad Najafian, Awais Masood, Patrick Malloy, Alfonso Campos

Abstract Share this page

BACKGROUND: Animal models could provide insights into the diabetic nephropathy pathogenesis; however, available rodent models do not mirror the heterogeneity of lesions in type 2 diabetic patients, and do not progress to end-stage renal disease. Previous studies showed that spontaneously obese type 2 diabetic rhesus monkeys develop many of the features of human diabetic glomerulopathy, and may progress to end-stage renal disease. Here, in order to further characterize diabetic glomerulopathy in this model, we used electron microscopic stereology.

METHODS: Renal biopsies from 17 diabetic, 17 pre-diabetic/metabolic syndrome and 11 non-diabetic monkeys were studied. Fractional volumes of mesangium [Vv(Mes/glom)], mesangial matrix [Vv(MM/glom)] and mesangial cells [Vv(MC/glom)], glomerular basement membrane width and peripheral glomerular basement membrane surface density per glomerulus [Sv(PGBM/glom)] were estimated. Glomerular filtration and albumin excretion rates were measured in a limited number of animals. Glomerular structural and biochemical/metabolic data were compared among the groups. RESULTS: Compared to non-diabetic monkeys, diabetic rhesus monkeys showed classic diabetic nephropathy changes, including glomerular basement membrane thickening (p = 0.001), increased fractional volumes of mesangium (p = 0.02), and reduced peripheral glomerular basement membrane surface density per glomerulus (p = 0.03) compared to non-diabetic monkeys. Increased fractional volumes of mesangium was primarily due to increased mesangial matrix (p = 0.03). Glomerular structural parameter inter-relationships in diabetic monkeys mirrored those of human diabetic glomerulopathy. Albumin excretion rate was greater (p = 0.03) in diabetic vs. non-diabetic monkeys. There was trend for a positive correlation between albumin excretion rate and fractional volumes of mesangium.

CONCLUSIONS: This rhesus primate model shares many features of human diabetic glomerulopathy. Mesangial expansion in this model, similar to human diabetic nephropathy and different from available rodent models of the disease, is primarily due to increased mesangial matrix.

This article was published in Diabetes Metab Res Rev. and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version