alexa Glottic characteristics and voice complaint in the elderly.

Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Author(s): Pontes P, Brasolotto A, Behlau M

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Abstract This study evaluated the relationship between voice complaint and deviant vocal fold status with special regard to presbylarynx, in patients aged more than 60 years, with pharyngeal-laryngeal complaint. The material consisted of clinical histories and images obtained by laryngoscopies from protocols from the Larynx Institute-INLAR, Sao Paulo, Brazil, of 210 patients, 88 men and 122 women, aged more than 60 years, who had sought otorhinolaryngologic treatment. Indicative glottic characteristics of the presbylarynx, such as vocal fold bowing, prominence of vocal processes, and spindle-shaped glottic chink, were analyzed. The increase in mass, leukoplakia, and other vocal fold alterations, distinct from these two, grouped as miscellaneous, as well as the presence or absence of voice complaint were also analyzed. Vocal fold bowing, prominence of vocal processes, and spindle-shaped glottic chink showed a strong correlation among each other. The presence of presbylarynx was accompanied by less voice complaint than the presence of vocal fold mucosa alterations, which in turn are more common where an absence of presbylarynx exists. This article was published in J Voice and referenced in Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

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