Author(s): W E Schmidt, E G Siegel, W Creutzfeldt
Abstract Share this page
Glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucagon-like peptide-2 are encoded by the m-RNA of pancreatic preproglucagon. They show high conservation in different species and substantial sequence homology to glucagon. Because no definite biological activity of these peptides has been reported, we investigated the effect of synthetic C-terminally amidated glucagon-like peptide-1 [1–36] and synthetic human glucagon-like peptide-2 [1–34] with a free C-terminus on insulin release from isolated precultured rat pancreatic islets in the presence of glucose. Glucagon-like peptide-1 stimulates insulin release at 10 and 16.7 mmol/l glucose in a dose-dependent manner. Significant stimulation starts at 2.5 nmol/l in the presence of 10 mmol/l glucose and near maximal release is observed at 250 nmol/l, with approximately 100% increase over basal at both glucose concentrations. The peptide reaches 63% of the maximal stimulatory effect of glucagon. No stimulation occurs in the presence of 2.8 mmol/l glucose. Glucagon-like peptide-2 has no effect on insulin secretion at any glucose concentration tested. It is concluded that glucagon-like peptide-1, in contrast to glucagon-like peptide-2, exhibits a glucose-dependent insulinotropic action on isolated rat pancreatic islets similar to that of glucagon and gastric inhibitory polypeptide.
This article was published in Diabetologia
and referenced in Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics