alexa Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, exendin-4, regulates feeding-associated neuropeptides in hypothalamic neurons in vivo and in vitro.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Author(s): Dalvi PS, NazariansArmavil A, Purser MJ, Belsham DD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Exendin-4, a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonist, is a potential regulator of feeding behavior through its ability to inhibit gastric emptying, reduce food intake, and induce satiety. GLP-1R activation by exendin-4 induces anorexia; however, the specific populations of neuropeptidergic neurons activated by exendin-4 within the hypothalamus, the central regulator of energy homeostasis, remain unclear. This study determines whether exendin-4 regulates hypothalamic neuropeptide expression and explores the signaling mechanisms involved. The distribution and quantity of exendin-4-induced c-Fos immunoreactivity were evaluated to determine activation of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone/proopiomelanocortin, neuropeptide Y, neurotensin (NT), and ghrelin neurons in hypothalamic nuclei during exendin-4-induced anorexia in mice. Additionally, exendin-4 action on NT and ghrelin transcript regulation was examined in immortalized hypothalamic neurons. With anorexia induced by intracerebroventricular exendin-4, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone/proopiomelanocortin and neuropeptide Y neurons were activated in the arcuate nucleus, with simultaneous activation of NT-expressing neurons in the paraventricular nucleus, and ghrelin-expressing neurons in the arcuate nucleus, paraventricular nucleus, and periventricular hypothalamus, suggesting that neurons in one or more of these areas mediate the anorexic action of exendin-4. In the hypothalamic neuronal cell models, exendin-4 increased cAMP, cAMP response element-binding protein/activating transcription factor-1 and c-Fos activation, and via a protein kinase A-dependent mechanism regulated NT and ghrelin mRNA expression, indicating that these neuropeptides may serve as downstream mediators of exendin-4 action. These findings provide a previously unrecognized link between central GLP-1R activation by exendin-4 and the regulation of hypothalamic NT and ghrelin. Further understanding of this central GLP-1R activation may lead to safe and effective therapeutics for the treatment of metabolic disorders. This article was published in Endocrinology and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords