Author(s): Cham CM, Gajewski TF
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Differentiation of CD8+ T cells from the naive to the effector state is accompanied by changes in basal gene expression profiles that parallel the acquisition of effector functions. Among these are metabolism genes, and we now show that 2C TCR transgenic effector CD8+ T cells express higher levels of glycolytic enzymes and display greater glucose uptake, a higher glycolytic rate, and increased lactate production compared with naive cells. To determine whether glucose was required for effector T cell functions, we regulated glucose availability in vitro. Glucose deprivation strongly inhibited IFN-gamma gene expression, whereas IL-2 production was little affected. Inhibition correlated with diminished phosphorylation of p70S6 kinase and eIF4E binding protein 1 and a requirement for de novo protein synthesis, whereas other signaling pathways known to regulate IFN-gamma expression were unaffected. Together, our data reveal that optimal induction of IFN-gamma transcription is a glucose-dependent process, indicate that there are undefined factors that influence IFN-gamma expression, and have implications for regulation of the effector phase of CD8+ T cell responses in tissue microenvironments.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology