alexa Glucose transport in osteoblast-enriched bone explants: characterization and insulin regulation.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Hahn TJ, Westbrook SL, Sullivan TL, Goodman WG, Halstead LR

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Abstract Insulin has potent effects on osteoblast function both in vivo and in vitro. In various insulin-sensitive tissues, stimulation of glucose transport and metabolism are hallmarks of insulin action, and have been postulated to play a role in insulin regulation of cellular function. However, insulin effects on glucose metabolism in osteoblast-like cells have not been demonstrated. Therefore we examined the in vitro effects of insulin on hexose uptake in an osteoblast-enriched rat bone explant preparation. Uniform 5-mm-diameter punch sections were obtained from the cartilage-free frontal portions of the calvaria of 3-day-old rats, and the periosteum was removed. The resulting sections contained a highly enriched population of osteoblast-like cells as determined by histologic criteria, elimination of calcitonin-stimulatable cAMP generation, and enhancement of PTH-stimulatable cAMP generation per microgram of DNA. Sections were incubated for 24 hr at 37 degrees C in BGJb medium and then transferred to modified glucose-free Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer for 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) uptake studies. 3H-2-DG uptake was linear with time over 60 min, temperature sensitive, and inhibited by 5 mM phloridzin. Kinetic analysis of 2-DG uptake at 25 degrees C demonstrated a saturable transport mechanism with a Km of 2.2 mM, similar to that observed for 2-DG transport in other tissues. Studies of competitive inhibition by other sugars demonstrated a transport specificity for 2-DG that was comparable to that previously observed in fat and muscle cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) This article was published in J Bone Miner Res and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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