Author(s): Ohneda M, Johnson JH, Inman LR, Unger RH
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Abstract Spontaneous and dexamethasone-induced noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in rats is associated with loss of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and a reduction in both GLUT-2-positive beta cells and high Km glucose transport. To determine if the chronology and correlation of these abnormalities is consistent with a causal relationship, Zucker (fa/fa) rats were studied longitudinally before and during 10 d of dexamethasone-induced (0.4 mg/kg per d i.p.) NIDDM. Within 24 h of dexamethasone treatment blood glucose rose and GSIS declined, becoming paradoxically negative (-87 +/- 12 microU/ml per min) on day 10. Blood glucose was negatively correlated with GSIS (r = -0.92; P < 0.001). 3-0-methyl-D-glucose (3MG) transport was unchanged at 12 h, 23\% below normal on day 1, and declined further to a nadir 59\% below normal. The GLUT-2-positive beta cell area did not decline until 48 h, reaching a nadir of 35\% of normal at 10 d. The area of GLUT-2-positive beta cells was correlated with GSIS (r = 0.77; P < 0.005). We conclude that the chronology and correlation between GSIS loss and hyperglycemia is consistent with a cause-effect relationship, but that the subtotal impairment in glucose transport by itself cannot explain the total loss of GSIS if one assumes that normal beta cells are functionally homogenous.
This article was published in J Clin Invest
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism