Author(s): VzquezSantiago FJ, Noel RJ Jr, Porter JT, RiveraAmill V
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Abstract HIV-1 infection can lead to neurocognitive impairment collectively known as HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Although combined antiretroviral treatment (cART) has significantly ameliorated HIV's morbidity and mortality, persistent neuroinflammation and neurocognitive dysfunction continue. This review focuses on the current clinical and molecular evidence of the viral and host factors that influence glutamate-mediated neurotoxicity and neuropathogenesis as an important underlying mechanism during the course of HAND development. In addition, discusses potential pharmacological strategies targeting the glutamatergic system that may help prevent and improve neurological outcomes in HIV-1-infected subjects.
This article was published in J Neurovirol
and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases