alexa Glutamate potentiates the toxicity of mutant Cu Zn-superoxide dismutase in motor neurons by postsynaptic calcium-dependent mechanisms.


Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): Roy J, Minotti S, Dong L, Figlewicz DA, Durham HD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Mutations in the Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD-1) gene are responsible for a subset of familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Using a primary culture model, we have demonstrated that normally nontoxic glutamatergic input, particularly via calcium-permeable AMPA/kainate receptors, is a major factor in the vulnerability of motor neurons to the toxicity of SOD-1 mutants. Wild-type and mutant (G41R, G93A, or N139K) human SOD-1 were expressed in motor neurons of dissociated cultures of murine spinal cord by intranuclear microinjection of plasmid expression vector. Both a general antagonist of AMPA/kainate receptors (CNQX) and a specific antagonist of calcium-permeable AMPA receptors (joro spider toxin) reduced formation of SOD-1 proteinaceous aggregates and prevented death of motor neurons expressing SOD-1 mutants. Partial protection was obtained by treatment with nifedipine, implicating Ca2+ entry through voltage-gated calcium channels as well as glutamate receptors in potentiating the toxicity of mutant SOD-1 in motor neurons. Dramatic neuroprotection was obtained by coexpressing the calcium-binding protein calbindin-D28k but not by increasing intracellular glutathione levels or treatment with the free radical spin trap agent, N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone. Thus, generalized oxidative stress could have contributed in only a minor way to death of motor neurons expressing the mutant SOD-1. These studies demonstrated that the toxicity of these mutants is calcium-dependent and provide direct evidence that calcium entry during neurotransmission, coupled with deficiency of cytosolic calcium-binding proteins, is a major factor in the preferential vulnerability of motor neurons to disease.
This article was published in J Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version