alexa Glutamine and heat shock protein expression.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Author(s): Wischmeyer PE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The most basic mechanism of cellular protection involves the expression of a highly conserved family of essential proteins, known as heat shock or stress proteins (HSPs). The expression of these proteins after a sublethal insult can induce "stress tolerance" and protect against a subsequent stress that otherwise would be lethal. Experimental data have shown that preinduction of the heat stress response can provide marked protection against many forms of cellular injury, including ischemia and reperfusion, lung injury, and shock. However, induction of HSPs to improve outcome in human disease has not been exploited because laboratory induction agents are themselves toxic and not clinically relevant. Many researchers have found that glutamine (GLN), a conditionally essential amino acid, can enhance stress-induced HSP expression in vitro and improve cell survival against a variety of stressful stimuli. Further, recent data from me and my colleagues indicate that a single dose of intravenous GLN can enhance HSP expression, decrease end-organ injury, and enhance survival from septic shock in the intact rat. Thus GLN, which is beneficial in many settings of critical illness and injury, may be a clinically applicable enhancer of HSP expression. These results indicate that GLN could be used to enhance HSP expression and attenuate end-organ injury in situations when a major clinical stress is anticipated, such as before major surgical procedures (e.g., cardiac, vascular, and transplantation) or in the critically ill.
This article was published in Nutrition and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version