alexa Glutathione S-transferases in relation to their role in the biotransformation of xenobiotics.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Metabolomics:Open Access

Author(s): Vos RM, Van Bladeren PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The glutathione S-transferases (GST) are a family of isoenzymes serving a major role in the biotransformation of many reactive compounds. The isoenzymes from rat, man and mouse are divided into three classes, alpha, mu and pi, on the basis of similar structural and enzymatic properties. In view of the fact that the individual isoenzymes demonstrate differential though overlapping substrate selectivities, the extent to which biotransformation occurs is dependent on the actual profile of isoenzymes present. Consequently, both genetic factors as well as external factors causing changes in the levels or activities of individual isoenzymes are of relevance with respect to an individual's susceptibility towards electrophilic compounds. This review article deals with a number of determinants of GST isoenzyme patterns and/or activities, including tissue distribution, developmental patterns, hormonal influences, induction and inhibition. In addition, current knowledge on specific properties of class alpha, class mu and class pi isoenzymes is presented.
This article was published in Chem Biol Interact and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version