Author(s): Koga M, Murai J, Saito H, Kasayama S, Koga M, Murai J, Saito H, Kasayama S
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: Glycated albumin (GA) relative to A1C is a useful marker of short-term glycemic control. We investigated whether endogenous insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes has different effects on GA and A1C levels. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A1C, GA, and GA-to-A1C ratio were compared in 202 type 2 diabetic patients by type of treatment. Effect of beta-cell function determined by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-\%beta) on GA-to-A1C ratio was examined. In addition, GA-to-A1C ratio was compared between type 2 diabetic patients and 16 patients with type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: In type 2 diabetic patients, GA-to-A1C ratio was significantly higher in those treated with insulin than in those treated with diet or oral hypoglycemic agents. HOMA-\%beta showed a significant inverse correlation with GA-to-A1C ratio. This ratio was higher in type 1 diabetic patients than in type 2 diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: In diabetic patients with decreased insulin secretion, serum GA levels are higher relative to A1C.
This article was published in Diabetes Care
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research