alexa Glycinergic mediation of tactile allodynia induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF) through glutamate-NO-cyclic GMP signalling in spinal cord in mice.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Morita K, Kitayama T, Morioka N, Dohi T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Our previous study showed that intrathecal (i.t.) injection of platelet-activating factor (PAF) induced tactile allodynia, suggesting that spinal PAF is a mediator of neuropathic pain. The present study further examined the spinal molecules participating in PAF-induced tactile allodynia in mice. I.t. injection of L-arginine, NO donor (5-amino-3-morpholinyl-1,2,3-oxadiazolium (SIN-1) or 3,3-bis(aminoethyl)-1-hydroxy-2-oxo-1-triazene (NOC-18)) or cGMP analog (8-(4-chlorophenylthio)-guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate; pCPT-cGMP) induced tactile allodynia. PAF- and glutamate- but not SIN-1- or pCPT-cGMP-induced tactile allodynia was blocked by an NO synthase inhibitor. NO scavengers and guanylate cyclase inhibitors protected mice against the induction of allodynia by PAF, glutamate and SIN-1, but not by pCPT-cGMP. cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) inhibitors blocked the allodynia induced by PAF, glutamate, SIN-1 and pCPT-cGMP. To identify signalling molecules through which PKG induces allodynia, glycine receptor alpha3 (GlyR alpha3) was knocked down by spinal transfection of siRNA for GlyR alpha3. A significant reduction of GlyR alpha3 expression in the spinal superficial layers of mice treated with GlyR alpha3 siRNA was confirmed by immunohistochemical and Western blotting analyses. Functional targeting of GlyR alpha3 was suggested by the loss of PGE(2)-induced thermal hyperalgesia and the enhancement of allodynia induced by bicuculline, a GABA(A) receptor antagonist in mice after GlyR alpha3 siRNA treatment. pCPT-cGMP, PAF, glutamate and SIN-1 all failed to induce allodynia after the knockdown of GlyR alpha3. These results suggest that the glutamate-NO-cGMP-PKG pathway in the spinal cord may be involved in the mechanism of PAF-induced tactile allodynia, and GlyR alpha3 could be a target molecule through which PKG induces allodynia. This article was published in Pain and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords