Author(s): Kundu SK, Diego I, Osovitz S, Marcus DM
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Abstract A number of glycosphingolipids, including 10 gangliosides, not previously identified in human plasma have been characterized. The plasma contains 2 micrograms of lipid-bound sialic acid/ml plasma and 54\% of the gangliosides are monosialo, 30\% disialo, 10\% trisialo, and 6\% tetrasialo. Individual glycosphingolipids were purified by high-performance liquid chromatography and thin-layer chromatography, and were characterized on the basis of their chromatographic mobility, carbohydrate composition, hydrolysis by glycosidases, methylation analysis, and immunostaining with anti-glycosphingolipid antibodies. The monosialogangliosides were identified as GM3, GM2, sialosyl(2-3)- and sialosyl(2-6)lactoneotetraosylceramides, sialosyllacto-N-nor-hexaosylceramide, and sialosyllacto-N-isooctaosylceramide. The major gangliosides in the polysialo fractions contained a ganglio-N-tetraose backbone and were identified as GD3, GD1a, GD1b, and GQ1b. The most abundant neutral glycosphingolipids were glucosyl, lactosyl, globotriaosyl, globotetraosyl and lactoneotetraosylceramides. The other neutral glycosphingolipids, tentatively identified by immunostaining with monoclonal antibodies, contained H1, Lea, Leb, and lacto-N-fucopentose III (X hapten) structures.
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics