Author(s): Jankovi MM, Kosanovi MM
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we examined the glycosylation of urinary prostate-specific antigen (PSA) from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa) subjects, specifically looking at alterations in its oligosaccharide chain as a potential biomarker of these pathophysiological conditions. DESIGN AND METHODS: First morning urine voids were collected from subjects with PCa and BPH before initiation of any treatment. Urinary PSA was characterized by ion-exchange chromatography, followed by lectin affinity chromatography on the columns using immobilized plant lectins. RESULTS: Four isoforms of urinary PSA from both BPH and PCa samples were separated by ion-exchange chromatography. The elution profiles from lectin-affinity columns reflected molecular heterogeneity of PSA isoforms and the main differences observed were in the reactivity to Ulex europaeus agglutinin, Aleuria aurantia agglutinin, Phaseolus vulgaris erythroagglutinin and Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin. CONCLUSIONS: The observed differences in the lectin reactivities between BPH PSA and PCa PSA may be of clinical importance in the evaluation of prostate health.
This article was published in Clin Biochem
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine