Author(s): Prakash S, Robbins PW
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Abstract Measurement of serum levels of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) is now widely used for the diagnosis of prostate cancer and benign prostate hyperplasia. This serum marker is of value since it is derived only from the tissue of interest, but increased levels of PSA in serum do not allow a completely clear cut diagnosis of benign versus malignant changes. Since PSA is a glycoprotein with one asparagine linked oligosaccharide, and since malignant transformation often leads to an increased branching of such oligosaccharides, we initially studied the asparagine linked structures on PSA made by a cell line derived from malignant metastatic prostate tissue. We observed that unlike normal PSA, which bears only biantennary oligosaccharides, PSA from the metastatic cell line has a mixture of biantennary and triantennary oligosaccharides. Further experiments will reveal carbohydrate differences derived from the PSA from sera or, prostate tissue of normal versus prostate cancer patients, and of the utility of such carbo-hydrate differences as a possible diagnostic marker for prostate cancer.
This article was published in Glycobiology
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics