Author(s): Caudle RM, Mannes AJ, Iadarola MJ
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Abstract Receptor binding studies and electrophysiological studies demonstrated the existence of at least two kappa opioid receptors, which have been designated kappa-1 and kappa-2. Several agonists and antagonists are selective for the kappa-1 receptor whereas no known ligands are selective for the kappa-2 receptor. In this study, the kappa opioid GR89,696 was tested in the guinea pig hippocampal slice preparation for kappa-1 versus kappa-2 activity. The perforant path-evoked population spike in the dentate was use to evaluate activity at the kappa-1 receptor, and the Schaffer collateral-evoked N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated synaptic current in CA3 pyramidal cells was used to measure kappa-2 receptor activation. GR89,696 had no effect on the perforant path-evoked dentate population spike; however, it did reverse the effects of the selective kappa-1 agonist U69,593 when co-perfused over the slices. In the CA3, GR89,696 inhibited the NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic current. The inhibition was antagonized by naloxone. The EC50 for GR89,696 on the NMDA current was 41.7 nM (95\% CL, 7.0-248 nM). These findings indicate that GR89,696 is an agonist for kappa-2 opioid receptors and an antagonist at kappa-1 receptors in the guinea pig hippocampus.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy