Author(s): Fattouch K, Runza G, Moscarelli M, Trumello C, Incalcatera E,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the long-term clinical outcomes and the grafts patency rates of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent urgent or emergency coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). MATERIALS: Participants in two previous studies comprising 207 STEMI patients undergoing on-pump (145 patients) or off-pump (62 patients) coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in our institution were prospectively followed to assess late mortality, graft patency, and major adverse cardiac-related event (MACE) rates. Graft patency was evaluated by multi-detector computed tomography angiography 64-slice scan. Mean times of graft implantation were 38±16 months and 37±14 months in on-pump and off-pump, respectively. Follow-up data were obtained in all patients and was 100\% complete. RESULTS: Late mortality rate was 7.4\% (10 patients) in the on-pump and 6.5\% (4 patients) in off-pump groups (p=0.45). Five-year overall survival rate (±SE) was 93.5±2.1\% and 92.6±1.9\% in the off-pump vs on-pump, respectively. Five years' freedom from cardiac-related death was 94.9±2.9\% in the on-pump group vs 96.8±3.2\% in the off-pump group (p=0.25). Five years' freedom from cardiac-related events was 89.7±1.6\% in the on-pump group versus 93.5±1.8\% in the off-pump group (p=0.32). In all patients, a total of 449/491 (91.5\%) grafts were patent. Percentages of overall grafts classified as patent were similar in the on-pump group (90.7\% - 322/355 conduits) versus the off-pump group (91\% - 133/146 conduits). Graft patency rates were also similar between the two groups with regard to arterial and saphenous vein conduits, and with regard to different branches of the coronary arteries grafted. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that off-pump CABG patients have the same late mortality, MACEs, and graft patency rates as conventional cardioplegic cardiac arrest CABG patients. In our opinion, urgent or emergency CABG for patients with STEMI can be done either way.
This article was published in Perfusion
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy