alexa Granulomatous phlebitis of small hepatic vein.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Saito T, Harada K, Nakanuma Y

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Several cases of granulomatous phlebitis of small hepatic veins are reported in the literature, though the etiology remains unclear. We experienced a similar case of granulomatous phlebitis involving terminal hepatic venules and this case will be reported in comparison with two previous cases presenting in our laboratory. A 39-year-old-female had a long course of medical treatment for epilepsy. She suffered from acute liver injury after prolonged fever for more than 1 week. Leukocytosis (11,100/ micro L) without eosinophilia, and inflammatory reactions such as C-reactive protein (21.0 mg/dL) were pointed out. She suffered from transient disseminated intravascular coagulation, but these abnormalities recovered with antibiotic and steroid therapy. Liver biopsy revealed granulomatous lesions mainly involving terminal hepatic venules. The possibility of tuberculosis was excluded by a negative Thiel-Nielsen stain and a negative molecular study for bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid of Mycobacteria species. Extrahepatic involvements were not clear clinically. This case and the previous two cases shared granulomatous phlebitis of the intrahepatic small hepatic veins, as well as clinical features suggestive of bacterial infection. Clinicians should be aware of such a rare clinicopathological entity.

This article was published in J Gastroenterol Hepatol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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