Author(s): Trapani JA, Sutton VR
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Abstract Granzyme B is a caspase-like serine protease that is released by cytotoxic lymphocytes to kill virus-infected and tumor cells. Major recent advances in our understanding of granzyme B biochemistry, biology and function include an appreciation of its uptake into and trafficking within target cells, a thorough dissection of how cell death is triggered, and the identification of the serpin protease inhibitor PI-9, which regulates its function in lymphocytes and in other cells. The roles that granzyme B plays in human pathologies, such as transplant rejection, viral immunity and particularly tumor immune surveillance, remain a topic for vigorous debate and conjecture. The recent discovery of a triply mutated human granzyme B allele, whose product is predicted to possess a reduced capacity to induce cell death, opens the way for major progress in these areas in coming years.
This article was published in Curr Opin Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology