alexa Grapefruit juice enhances intestinal absorption of the P-glycoprotein substrate talinolol.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): SpahnLangguth H, Langguth P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Grapefruit juice (GFJ) is known to affect the pharmacokinetics of various drugs, presumably mainly via inhibition of oxidative metabolism. In order to evaluate the effect of GFJ on P-glycoprotein-related transport processes, measurements of transport characteristics through Caco-2 monolayers and in vivo drug absorption studies were performed with the transported, yet not metabolized model compound talinolol. Apical-to-basolateral talinolol transport in the Caco-2 model at 1 mM racemate concentration was increased almost 3-fold when GFJ was present (S-talinolol P(eff): 0.16 x 10(-6) vs. 0.61 x 10(-6) cm/s without vs. with GFJ; R-talinolol P(eff): 0.19 x 10(-6) vs. 0.71 x 10(-6) cm/s without vs. with GFJ). In vivo in rats, doubled maximum plasma concentrations, enhanced AUC values (C(max) of S-talinolol: control, 77.5 ng/ml vs. GFJ, 163.6 ng/ml; C(max) of R-talinolol: control, 79.5 ng/ml vs. GFJ, 163.0 ng/ml; AUC of S-talinolol: control, 19.3 microg ml(-1)min vs. GFJ, 29.9 microg ml(-1)min; AUC of R-talinolol: control, 22.2 microg ml(-1)min vs. GFJ, 30.1 microg ml(-1)min), and decreased apparent oral clearances were found for both talinolol enantiomers when GFJ was administered together with a racemic 10 mg/kg b.w. p.o. dose. Furthermore, GFJ tended to accelerate the rate of talinolol input, but did not significantly affect terminal talinolol half-lives. It is concluded that inhibition of intestinal secretion may contribute to bioavailability enhancement upon GFJ intake.
This article was published in Eur J Pharm Sci and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords