Author(s): Auguste KI, Jin S, Uchida K, Yan D, Manley GT,
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Abstract We reported previously that astroglia cultured from aquaporin-4-deficient (AQP4-/-) mice migrate more slowly in vitro than those from wild-type (AQP4+/+) mice (J. Cell Sci. 2005;118, 5691-5698). Here, we investigate the migration of fluorescently labeled AQP4+/+ and AQP4-/- astroglia after implantation into mouse brains in which directional movement was stimulated by a planar stab wound 3 mm away from the axis of the injection needle. Two days after cell injection we determined the location, elongation ratio, and orientation of labeled cells. Migration of AQP4+/+ but not AQP4-/- cells toward the stab was greater than away from the stab. AQP4+/+ astroglia moved on average 1.5 mm toward the stab compared with 0.6 mm for AQP4-/- cells. More than 25\% of the migrating AQP4+/+ cells but <3\% of AQP4-/- cells appeared elongated (axial ratio>2.5). In transwell assays, AQP4+/+ astroglia migrated faster than AQP4-/- cells in a manner dependent on pore size. At 8 h, approximately 50\% of AQP4+/+ cells migrated through 8-microm diameter pores, whereas equivalent migration of AQP4-/- cells was found for 12-microm diameter pores. These results provide in vivo evidence for AQP4-dependent astroglial migration and suggest that modulation of AQP4 expression or function might alter glial scarring.
This article was published in FASEB J
and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism