Author(s): Zhang Y, Zhao B
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Oxidative stress is a main mediator in nitric oxide (NO) -induced neurotoxicity and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders. Green tea polyphenols are usually expected as potent chemo-preventive agents due to their ability of scavenging free radicals and chelating metal ions. However, not all the actions of green tea polyphenols are necessarily beneficial. In the present study, we demonstrated that higher-concentration green tea ployphenols significantly enhanced the neurotoxicity by treatment of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), a nitric oxide donor. SNP induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells in a concentration and time-dependent manner, as estimated by cell viability assessment, FACScan analysis and DNA fragmentation assay, whereas treatment with green tea polyphenols alone had no effect on cell viability. Pre-treatment with lower-dose green tea polyphenols (50 and 100 microm) had only a slightly deleterious effect in the presence of SNP, while higher-dose green tea polyphenols (200 and 500 microm) synergistically damaged the cells severely. Further research showed that co-incubation of green tea polyphenols and SNP caused loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, depletion of intracellular GSH and accumulation of reactive oxygen species, and exacerbated NO-induced neuronal apoptosis via a Bcl-2 sensitive pathway.
This article was published in J Neurochem
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry