alexa Growth Efficiency in Transgenic Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) Carrying a Single Copy of an Homologous cDNA Growth Hormone
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

Author(s): R Martnez, J Juncal, C Zaldvar, A Arenal, I Guilln

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Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to have a profound impact on fish physiology and metabolism. However, detailed studies in transgenic fish have not been conducted. We have characterized the food conversion efficiency, protein profile, and biochemical correlates of growth rate in transgenic tilapia expressing the tilapia GH cDNA under the control of human cytomegalovirus regulatory sequences. Transgenic tilapia exhibited about 3.6-fold less food consumption than nontransgenic controls (P < 0.001). The food conversion efficiency was significantly (P < 0.05) higher (290%) in transgenic tilapia (2.3 ± 0.4) than in the control group (0.8 ± 0.2). Efficiency of growth, synthesis retention, anabolic stimulation, and average protein synthesis were higher in transgenic than in nontransgenic tilapia. Distinctive metabolic differences were found in transgenic juvenile tilapia. We had found differences in hepatic glucose, and in agreement with previous results we observed differences in the level of enzymatic activities in target organs. We conclude that GH-transgenic juvenile tilapia show altered physiological and metabolic conditions and are biologically more efficient.

This article was published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications and referenced in Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal

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