alexa Growth-inhibitory factor, metallothionein-like protein, and neurodegenerative diseases.


Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Author(s): Uchida Y, Uchida Y

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Growth-inhibitory factor (GIF), which is deficient in the Alzheimer's disease brain, is a 68-amino-acid metallothionein-like protein. GIF is expressed in the central nervous system but not in peripheral tissues including dorsal root ganglion. GIF is immunocytochemically distributed in Bergmann's glia in the cerebellum and astrocytes in the neocortex, hippocampus, striatum, brain stem, and spinal cord. Strong GIF immunoreactivity is localized in astrocyte cell bodies and fine long processes, which are closely associated with neural perikarya and dendrites, such as layers 2-6 of cerebral gray matter, the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus, the pyramidal layer of the hippocampus and spinal gray matter. GIF is induced in reactive astrocytes in the cerebral cortex in cases of meningitis and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease or in reactive astrocytes surrounding old cerebral infarcts. On the other hand, GIF is reduced in the subset of reactive astrocytes in lesioned areas of degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, multiple-system atrophy, Parkinson's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Reduction of GIF is correlated with neuronal loss. Thus, perturbation in normal neuroglial interaction in degenerative diseases may lead to a reduction of GIF in reactive astrocytes.
This article was published in Biol Signals and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version