alexa Guanine-decorated graphene nanostructures for sensitive monitoring of neuron-specific enolase based on an enzyme-free electrocatalytic reaction.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Li GZ, Tian F

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Abstract A new and enzyme-free electrochemical immunoassay protocol was developed for the sensitive electronic monitoring of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) on a monoclonal mouse anti-human NSE antibody (mAb)-modified glassy carbon electrode, using guanine-decorated graphene nanostructures (GGN) as nanotags. To construct such an enzyme-free immunoassay format, guanine and polyclonal rabbit anti-human NSE antibody (pAb) were co-immobilized on the graphene nanostructures through the carbodiimide coupling. Based on a sandwich-type immunoassay mode, the assay was carried out in 0.1 M pH 7.4 PBS containing 5 μM Ru(bpy)3(2+) through the catalytic oxidation of Ru(bpy)3(2+) toward the guanine on the GGN. The presence of graphene nanostructures increased the immobilized amount of guanine, thus amplifying a detectable electronic signal. The covalent conjugation of guanine and pAb on the GGN resulted in a good repeatability and intermediate reproducibility down to 9.5\%. Under optimal conditions, the dynamic concentration range of the developed immunoassay spanned from 0.005 to 80 ng mL(-1) NSE with a detection limit of 1.0 pg mL(-1) at the 3S(blank) level. In addition, the methodology was evaluated by assaying the spiking serum samples, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) between the electrochemical immunoassay and a commercialized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were 2.8-7.0\%.
This article was published in Anal Sci and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

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