alexa Guidance of regenerating motor axons in vivo by gradients of diffusible peripheral nerve-derived factors.
Neurology

Neurology

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Zheng M, Kuffler DP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract During development of the central nervous system, neurons rely on target-derived factors to guide their outgrowing processes. Several CNS target-derived chemoattractive and repellent factors have been isolated and characterized, and their mechanism of action determined. For the peripheral nervous system, the results from numerous experiments suggest that during regeneration axons also respond to concentration gradients of target-derived factors leading to an oriented outgrowth up the gradient to the denervated target in vivo. The results from in vitro experiments have shown that diffusible concentration gradients of factors released from a length of denervated peripheral nerve, composed predominantly of Schwann cells, direct the outgrowth of sensory and motor neuron growth cones over distances of several hundred microns. However, a conclusive demonstration of a chemoattractive influence of diffusible concentration gradients on regenerating adult motor axons in vivo has remained elusive. The present experiments show that concentration gradients of denervated peripheral nerve-released factors direct the regeneration of adult motor axons in vivo, and that these gradients are effective over distances of more than 6.5 mm. Nonconditioned medium exerted no influence on the regenerating axons. Thus, results from in vivo experiments parallel those from in vitro experiments and indicate that isolated peripheral nerve-released factors that are effective in vitro will play a similar role on sensory and motor axons in vivo. Finally, the results show that diffusible concentration gradients of target-derived factors direct axon outgrowth both during both development and regeneration, as well as in vivo and in vitro. Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
This article was published in J Neurobiol and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords