alexa Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections


Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

Author(s): Naomi P OGrady, Mary Alexander, E Patchen Dellinger, Julie L Gerberding, Stephen O Heard

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BACKGROUND: Although many catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are preventable, measures to reduce these infections are not uniformly implemented. OBJECTIVE: To update an existing evidenced-based guideline that promotes strategies to prevent CRBSIs. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE database, conference proceedings, and bibliographies of review articles and book chapters were searched for relevant articles. STUDIES INCLUDED: Laboratory-based studies, controlled clinical trials, prospective interventional trials, and epidemiologic investigations. OUTCOME MEASURES: Reduction in CRBSI, catheter colonization, or catheter-related infection. SYNTHESIS: The recommended preventive strategies with the strongest supportive evidence are education and training of healthcare providers who insert and maintain catheters; maximal sterile barrier precautions during central venous catheter insertion; use of a 2% chlorhexidine preparation for skin antisepsis; no routine replacement of central venous catheters for prevention of infection; and use of antiseptic/antibiotic-impregnated short-term central venous catheters if the rate of infection is high despite adherence to other strategies (ie, education and training, maximal sterile barrier precautions, and 2% chlorhexidine for skin antisepsis). CONCLUSION: Successful implementation of these evidence-based interventions can reduce the risk for serious catheter-related infection.

This article was published in Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol and referenced in Clinical Microbiology: Open Access

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