alexa HA receptors: regulators of signalling to the cytoskeleton.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Entwistle J, Hall CL, Turley EA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hyaluronan (HA) is a ubiquitous component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and occurs transiently in both the cell nucleus and cytoplasm. It has been shown to promote cell motility, adhesion, and proliferation and thus it has an important role in such processes as morphogenesis, wound repair, inflammation, and metastasis. These processes require massive cell movement and tissue reorganization and are always accompanied by elevated levels of HA. Many of the effects of HA are mediated through cell surface receptors, three of which have been molecularly characterized, namely CD44, RHAMM, and ICAM-1. Binding of the HA ligand to its receptors triggers signal transduction events which, in concert with other ECM and cytoskeletal components, can direct cell trafficking during physiological and pathological events. The HA mediated signals are transmitted, at least in part, by the activation of protein phosphorylation cascades, cytokine release, and the stimulation of cell cycle proteins. A variety of extracellular signals regulate the expression of both HA and the receptors necessitating that HA-receptor signalling is a tightly controlled process. Regulated production of soluble forms of the receptors, alternately spliced cell surface isoforms, and glycosylation variants of these receptors can dramatically modulate HA binding, ligand specificity, and stimulation of the signalling pathway. When these processes are deregulated cell behaviour becomes uncontrolled leading to developmental abnormalities, abnormal physiological responses, and tumorigenesis. The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms regulating HA-mediated events will not only contribute greatly to our understanding of a variety of disease processes but will also offer many new avenues of therapeutic intervention. This article was published in J Cell Biochem and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version