alexa Haemodynamic and transport barriers to the treatment of solid tumours.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Jain RK

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The efficacy in cancer treatment of novel therapeutic agents such as monoclonal antibodies, cytokines and effector cells has been limited by their inability to reach their target in vivo in adequate quantities. Molecular and cellular biology of neoplastic cells alone has failed to explain the nonuniform uptake of these agents. This is not surprising since a solid tumour in vivo is not just a collection of cancer cells. In fact, it consists of two extracellular compartments: vascular and interstitial. Since no blood-borne molecule or cell can reach cancer cells without passing through these compartments, the vascular and interstitial physiology of tumours has received considerable attention in recent years. Three physiological factors responsible for the poor localization of macromolecules in tumours have been identified: (i) heterogeneous blood supply, (ii) elevated interstitial pressure, and (iii) large transport distances in the interstitium. The first factor limits the delivery of blood-borne agents to well-perfused regions of a tumour; the second factor reduces extravasation of fluid and macromolecules in the high interstitial pressure regions and also leads to an experimentally verifiable, radially outward convection in the tumour periphery which opposes the inward diffusion; and the third factor increases the time required for slowly moving macromolecules to reach distal regions of a tumour. Binding of the molecule to an antigen further lowers the effective diffusion rate by reducing the amount of mobile molecule. Although the effector cells are capable of active migration, peculiarities of the tumour vasculature and interstitium may also be responsible for poor delivery of lymphokine activated killer cells and tumour infiltrating lymphocytes in solid tumours. Due to micro- and macroscopic heterogeneities in tumours, the relative magnitude of each of these physiological barriers would vary from one location to another and from one day to the next in the same tumour, and from one tumour to another. If the genetically engineered macromolecules and effector cells, as well as low molecular weight cytotoxic agents, are to fulfill their clinical promise, strategies must be developed to overcome or exploit these barriers. Some of these strategies are discussed, and situations wherein these barriers may not be a problem are outlined. Finally, some therapies where the tumour vasculature of the interstitium may be a target are pointed out.
This article was published in Int J Radiat Biol and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords