alexa Haemodynamics and cerebral oxygenation during arthroscopic shoulder surgery in beach chair position under general anaesthesia.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): H JEONG, S H LEE, E A JANG, S S CHUNG, J LEE

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BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing surgery in beach chair position (BCP) are at risk of cerebral ischaemia. We determined the prevalence and risk factors of jugular venous bulb oxygen desaturation (SjvO(2)  < 50%) in BCP. It was also examined whether regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation (SctO(2) ) measured by near-infrared spectroscopy and SjvO(2) are interchangeable for assessment of cerebral oxygenation. METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients undergoing arthroscopic shoulder surgery in BCP were studied. Anaesthesia was intravenous with propofol and remifentanil (P/R) or inhalational with sevoflurane and 50% nitrous oxide (S/N) depending on provider choice. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), SjvO(2) , and SctO(2) were measured before (baseline; post-induction in supine position) and after the patients assumed BCP. Bland-Altman analysis was performed to measure the agreement between SctO(2) and SjvO(2) . RESULTS: SjvO(2) , SctO(2) , MAP, and HR decreased significantly when patients were raised into BCP. Jugular desaturation occurred in 41% of patients (56% with P/R vs. 21% with S/N anaesthesia, P = 0.0077). Risk factors for the desaturation included P/R anaesthesia [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 4.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.34-16.95, P = 0.016] and MAP < 50 mmHg (aOR 3.85, 95% CI 1.21-12.25, P = 0.023). Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean difference of -8.9% with 95% limit of agreement between -40.0% and 23.0%. The percentage error [1.96 standard deviation/mean of the reference method] was 48.5%. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of jugular desaturation in BCP was 41%, and P/R anaesthesia and hypotension were associated with its occurrence while undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia. SctO(2) may not replace SjvO(2) for the determination of cerebral oxygenation.

This article was published in Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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